Mobile adult dating inland empire - Bamyan in afghanistan predating european oil painting by some
Behind those statues are caves decorated with paintings from the fifth to ninth centuries.New experiments performed at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) show that the paintings were made of oil, hundreds of years before the technique emerged in Europe.On the other hand, these paintings are made with inorganic pigments mixed in organic binders, so we needed different techniques to get the full picture." The results showed a high diversity of pigments as well as binders, and the scientists identified original ingredients and alteration compounds.
In many European history and art textbooks, oil painting is said to have started in the 15th century in Europe.
However, scientists from the National Research Institute for Cultural Properties in Tokyo (Japan), the Centre of Research and Restoration of the French Museums-CNRS (France), the Getty Conservation Institute (United States) and the ESRF have recently identified drying oils in some samples studied from the Bamiyan caves.
Painted in the mid-seventh century, the murals show scenes with Buddhas in vermilion robes sitting cross-legged amid palm leaves and mythical creatures.
The scientists discovered that 12 out of the 50 caves were painted with oil-painting techniques, using perhaps walnut and poppy seed drying oils.
The researchers relied on a combination of synchrotron techniques, including infrared micro-spectroscopy, micro X-ray fluorescence, micro X-ray absorption spectroscopy and micro X-ray diffraction.